“Narrative extraction, #BlackPantherSoLit, and signifyin'” Journal Publication

Definitely a milestone for me. I’ve always adored the Organization for Transformative Works’ mission and their commitment to Open Access academic research and fan studies work. My symposium essay was published in the March 2019 “Fans of Color/Fandoms of Color” special issue, edited by Abigail De Kosnik and andré carrington.


This article examines the history, creative labor, and social practices around the #BlackPantherSoLIT hashtag on Twitter. Two years before the Black Panther movie event, the hashtag created a fandom of Blackness itself. Once the film was released, Black audiences experienced freedom from fan labor practices typically used when consuming content without significant Black representation.